How to Survive in the Desert (Desert Survival Quiz)

How to Survive in the Desert (Sonoran Desert) Part One

 

 


 

How to Survive in the Desert (Sonoran Desert) Part Two

 

 


 

How to Survive in the Desert Quiz

 

Question #1: More people drown in the desert than die of thirst.

Answer: True According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), more people drown in the desert than die of thirst, proving that flash floods are a real danger. A rainstorm happening even miles away can send torrents of water down dry river beds or through slot canyons, creating a sudden wall of water that can be upwards of 20 feet high. So never seek shelter in a creek bed or ditch in the desert

Question #2: It is important to keep parasites and dangerous bacteria from accumulating on the body, but bathing is often a luxury in the desert. What is a good alternative to a traditional bath?

Answer: Take a "smoke bath" by burning certain shrubs or plants

Native Americans used "smoke baths" as part of rituals, but they are also effective cleansing tools, especially by burning plants like juniper which is abundant in the American southwest.

Question #3: Hypothermia is not a concern in the desert.

Answer: False 

During much of the year, the temperature in American southwest deserts can vary as much as 80 degrees Fahrenheit between night and day!

Question #4: It’s hot! The best thing to do with your clothes is:

Answer:Roll down your shirt sleeves and pant legs to stay covered You’re already sweating, which is the body’s way of cooling down. Don’t waste your water by pouring it over your head or clothes. It won’t do much to help what your body is already doing anyway. The best thing to do is roll down your sleeves and pant legs to keep as much of your skin covered as possible. This keeps your skin protected from the sunlight and helps keep more moisture in your body since your sweat won’t evaporate as quickly.

Question #5: Black widow spiders are one of many creatures to be cautious of. You can easily identify one by its appearance. What is the best description?

The correct answer was Shiny black body with a red "hourglass" marking on the abdomen

The male black widow spider can be as much as 1/4 the size of a female and is not considered to be dangerous.

Question #6: If you’ve run out of water, what should you look for to find some?

Answer: All of the above All three of these are clues to finding water. North-facing canyons are great because they fill with snowmelt or rain water and "because they don’t have southern exposure and they’re protected much of the day from sunlight, they tend to retain water in large quantities, sometimes for months at a time." Meanwhile, broad-leafed trees are thirsty plants and a sign that there's a good source of water nearby, even if it means digging near the roots. As for birds and insects, Nester says, "After you’ve seen nothing for a couple of hours [and] suddenly there’s life, it's important to take note of that ... Those critters are in that area for a reason." And that reason is often because there is a water source nearby.

Question #7: The symptoms of heat exhaustion include:

Answer: All of the above Heat exhaustion is caused by losing too much water and salt from your body. The symptoms are everything listed here as well as excessive sweating, clammy skin, fainting, confusion or being particularly irritable, and an increased heart rate. Basically, if you're really not feeling well, it is likely heat exhaustion coming on. Get into the shade, sit down to rest, elevate your feet, and sip water. If you don't reduce the symptoms of heat exhaustion when they come on, you could be headed for heat stroke.

Question #8: Once you’ve chosen a direction to travel, you want to hike:

Answer: As slow as you need to so you don’t overexert yourself When hiking in the heat, especially the intense heat of the desert, the key is to go slowly. Walk slowly enough that you don't overtax your body through muscle strain or excessive sweating. Take breaks every hour in whatever shade is available, while elevating your feet to avoid swelling. In the desert, overexertion is the quickest way toward triggering your body to shut down, so while it might feel weird to walk at a meandering pace when you're trying to escape the desert, it could be the key to surviving.

Question #9: Again back to water. Water means life! My canteen is empty and I need to find a water source. What are some ways to find water?

Answer: All of these

Like humans, most animals large enough to leave tracks need water to survive, so their tracks can often lead to a source of water. Flocks of birds also tend to congregate near water sources. Finally, water always flows downhill. While these methods don't guarantee success, they are simple and produce results in many cases.

Question #10: You want to avoid eating much in the desert. Why?

Answer: The more you eat, the thirstier you become. Digesting food requires water, which is already in short supply. If you have enough water, then eat small amounts with sips of water. But if you only have food and no water, avoid eating unless you absolutely must. Just remember, you can go a lot longer without food than you can without water, so don't use up what precious little you have in your body to digest something.

Question #11: When you do come across water, you should:

Answer: Drink a small amount and carry the rest with you. When you find water, drink it! But, if you drink too much water too quickly when already dehydrated and overheated, you will likely vomit. And in the desert when water is scarce and vital, you don't want to waste it. So when you do find water, sip it a little at a time until you feel satiated. And if you're lucky, you'll find enough that you can carry more with you to keep sipping as you feel thirsty

Question #12: What emergency kit item also makes a perfect signal for rescuers?

Answer: A mirror Or something reflective like a mirror is an excellent tool from your emergency kit to use as a signaling device to rescuers. The flash of light it creates in the sun can be easily seen over great distances and stands out from the rest of the desert. It can be hard to find enough fuel in the desert for signal fires, especially fires smoky enough to get someone's attention, flares only burn for so long, and flashlights are only bright enough to capture attention at night. So don't underestimate the importance of a reflective object as an attention-grabbing signal. A series of three flashes in a row is the universal signal for distress.

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