While researching this article on wilderness survival I came across, literally, hundreds of false beliefs and myths people tell themselves and others about surviving in the wild. I had to whittle them down to what I feel are the core ideas that most people believe. I feel that these top ten myths that people believe pose the greatest risk to people who are new to wilderness survival. Please leave your comments below, as I will update this article at a later date using your suggestions and topics.
10. Hikers and Campers are Survivalists
Where outdoor enthusiasts may have a leg-up on city-dwellers who are less likely to go hiking and camping, this does not make them survivalists. Hikers and campers generally have pre-planned hiking trails and campsites that offer crude to luxurious amenities along the trail that are accessible to rescue and search parties. Essentially, walking a tightrope with a net.
Survivalists are walking the tightrope without the net. If something breaks, bleeds or bewilders you, you need to have the knowledge and skills to bushcraft your way out of it. Wilderness survival takes practice. You should practice not using the amenities and specialized gear that many campers and hikers carry with them into the wilderness.
9. Wilderness Survival Knives Will Save You
Many have asked us what our favorite survival knives are, which is an easy question to answer. We have two brands that we recommend, one is a relatively inexpensive Schrade Survival Knives and the other is a higher end brand Esee Survival Knives. Both knife brands are excellent. We used to include Schrade survival knives in all of our bug out bags for years with no problems. For the money, they really can’t be beat. I personally own an Esee knife, and I wouldn’t trade it with for any other knife made, except another Esee.
The point being, most people will buy a wilderness survival knife and throw it into a backpack and feel prepared for a survival situation. A survival knife is only a tool. Just like a hammer is a tool too. However, unless you swing a hammer regularly, there’s a pretty good chance you are going to smash your thumb and miss a lot of nails. Only with a wilderness survival knife, when you make a mistake, you may end up bleeding.
8. Survival Tins and Mini Kits Will Save You
Much as with knives, a lot of would-be survivalists buy survival tins, or small survival kits to put in their pack or truck. These tend to give people a false sense of security. First off, most survival tins and small kits are cheaply made and offer very little value. You are usually better off buying the items individually.
The good ones like the Esee Survival Tin are better suited for the bushcrafter more so than outright survival. In other words, survival tins and pocket survival kits are great to have around to help you craft and repair things that go awry, but not good at all for offering a safety net.
7. A Body of Water Equals Fish
In a wilderness survival situation you may encounter a still lake, pond or small stream. In our minds-eye, we feel that’s all we need to find a meal and to survive. Unfortunately, that’s not always true. In fact, there are a lot of dead ponds and small streams that have little or no fish in them at all.
When in a survival situation, you have to choose your calories and time wisely. Meaning, if you waste all of your daylight and energy fishing a pond that doesn’t yield calories, you may be digging yourself into a hole. It’s very hard to come back from a calorie deficit in a wilderness survival situation.
6. A Fishing Kit is All You Need
Fishing is one part gear, another part skill and another part luck. The unlucky survivor may not find water, or bait, or the fish may not be biting. A lucky survivor who has a hard time catching fish with a rod and reel and bait, is going to have an even harder time catching fish with just a hook and line.
Most survival kit fishing kits are little more than fishing line and hooks. Using that type of set up is much more challenging than simply putting a worm on a hook and casting your line. If you have a fishing kit in your survival kit, and you should, take it out fishing one day. By the end of that day, you will have a very good idea of what you need to do to make it a better fishing kit.
Personally, when we built bug out bags, we always included a trot line and floating bait in our bug out bags for this very reason. A trot line can be set and left alone while you tend to other wilderness survival activities. We highly suggest that you add some sort of bait that has a good shelf life to your survival kit fishing kit.
5. Fire Starters Work in All Conditions
In some weather conditions, starting a fire with a blow torch can be a challenge. Starting a fire in wet conditions is always a challenge. Most, if not all, wilderness survival fire starters are predicated on using a spark to light dry tinder. If you do not have a dry place or dry tinder, there’s a 99% chance a fire starter isn’t going to help you start a fire. Especially if you have never used one before.
If you are a novice, here’s a quick fix: Go to Walmart and buy a 10 pack of Bic lighters and throw them in your survival kit and forget about them. Then buy some wetfire tinder. A lighter is ten times more useful than fire starters for people who have little or no experience using fire strikers. Then buy a magnesium fire starter and learn how to use it. Having the ability to start a fire doubles your chance for survival.
4. Lack of Water is the First Thing That Kills You
Most people will say that water is the most important survival item, and in some ways it is. The key thing is to prioritize the most likely things to harm you for your area and pack accordingly.
Just remember the rules of three:
- You can survive 3 weeks without food.
- You can survive 3 days without water.
- You can survive 30 minutes with hypothermia.
- You can survive 3 minutes without oxygen.
- You can survive 30 seconds with a pissed off mama bear.
On a stormy night, without shelter, you are very likely to die from hypothermia, not dehydration. While fleeing a forest fire is unlikely, if you are surrounded by smoke, you will only last a few minutes. So when building a wilderness survival kit, do you prioritize it using an emergency shelter or a face mask? Bear attacks do happen, but they are about as common as forest fires. You need to prepare for the most likely circumstances, not the least likely, like bear attacks.
3. I’ve Got a Survival Kit, I’m Prepared
When we used to work the gun show circuit, we used to hear this all the time: Well “I have a survival kit,” I’m prepared for “xyz emergency.” Sometimes, just for shits & giggles, I would ask ask them “what’s in your survival kit?” You’d be shocked at how few people really knew what items they had in their survival kit. Here’s a hint; If you don’t know what’s in your kit, you are not prepared for the rules of 3.
It’s also a pretty good bet that those people were unable to operate the gear that was in their wilderness survival kits. The lesson being: don’t be fooled; a survival kit doesn’t mean you’re prepared.
2. I Can Make it a Few Days Without Food and Water
Dehydration begins to take place after 12 hours and starvation after a few days. Yes you may “live” a few days without water, and a few weeks without food but your strength and your ability to perform crucial survival activities will be greatly hampered.
Without strength you will not be able to forage for food, start fires, build shelters and so on. The worst part of running out of food and water isn’t necessarily your body shutting down. It’s most often you losing the ability to survive and fend for yourself. Starvation and dehydration will likely get you killed way before your body shuts down.
1. I’ve Got the Best Gear
I would much rather know how to survive and have experience doing it than to find myself in the wilderness with a bag full of gear that I have no idea how to use.
Practicing survival techniques and using the gear you have on a regular basis will keep you alive in a wilderness situation longer than chunking $200 down for a survival kit and throwing it in the garage. Make time to use and practice with each piece of gear that you buy. This is the number one rule of survival.
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Wilderness Survival Quiz
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#1 Why should you try to avoid sleeping directly on the ground?
Sleeping on the ground can lead to loss of body heat. You’ll retain more warmth by piling grass or pine needles on the ground to sleep on.
#2 If your feet stay wet for a prolonged period, you can develop:
Trench foot is a medical condition caused by prolonged exposure of the feet to damp, unsanitary, and cold conditions. It was also the number three injury, behind bullets and shrapnel, in both world wars, that disabled soldiers.
#3 Insect larvae contains a lot of protein. Where are the best places to find these insect eggs?
Insect eggs can be found in moist areas under rocks and inside rotten tree logs or stumps.
#4 What feature of the snake is NOT used to determine if the snake is venomous?
Tongue. Venomous snakes tend to have elliptical pupils, while non-venomous snakes have round pupils. This is not foolproof though, as the venomous coral snake has round pupils. Not to mention you don’t want to get that close to a snake to find out!
#5 In a survival scenario, you should avoid eating insects that ____.
Brightly colored, or strong smelling insects are a clear warning sign for you to avoid, many are poisonous.
#6 What internal temperature is required to break down bacteria cells in meat?
Bacteria begins to break down at 160° Fahrenheit.
#7 On Average, How Many Days Can You Survive Without Water?
The human body begins severe dehydration, that leads to death in 3 days.
#8 Why should you melt snow or ice before drinking it?
Eating frozen snow and ice will reduce your core body temperature and can lead to dehydration.
#9 What’s the LEAST important survival tool for a novice in a jungle scenario?
The ability to shelter yourself from the elements, start a fire, clear brush, defend yourself, and provide clean drinking water are the most important tools. A compass is a very important tool, however if you are lost, the most recommended strategy is to shelter in place for those who will be looking for you.
#10 What do lush vegetation and swarming insects often indicate?
Plant life, insects, bird flight paths and animal tracks can all point toward water sources.
#11 It’s a good idea to build your shelter near what?
Staying near a source of water is a good idea when building a shelter. You should avoid natural hazards like cliffs and dry river beds.
#12 What is a bug out bag used for?
Bug out bags are used to store survival gear and equipment that will help you evacuate your home and “bug out” to a predetermined, or open ended location.